The concept of being addicted to video games or the Internet is relatively new, but with recent research and abundant clinical evidence there is now little question as to whether their use can be addictive (Greenfield, 1999a, Aboujaoude, E., Koran, L.M., Gamel N, Large, M.D., Serpe R.T.,2006; Chih-Hung, K, et al., 2009; Chou, C., Condron L., & Belland, J.C., 2005; Young, 1998; Shaw, M.Y., Black, D.W., 2008). Young (1997) found that excessive use of the Internet for non-academic and non-professional reasons was associated with detrimental effects to academic and professional performance. Greenfield (1999c) found that approximately 6 percent of those who use the Internet seem to do so compulsively, often to a point of serious negative consequences. Other studies have found compulsive and addictive video game behaviors varying between 2 percent and 12 percent throughout the world. In my original research published in 1999, we found that there were several key factors that seem to contribute to becoming addicted to these technologies. They are: accessibility, affordability, time-distortion, interactivity, anonymity and pleasurable stimulation. This is in addition to the potent presence of a highly compelling variable ratio reinforcement schedule that also seems to elevate dopamine throughout the reward centers of the […]
We are starting to develop new social norms portable technology usage in public places. It seems we are psychologically absent when we are in public and paying so much of our attention on our smartphones. What does the future hold for us? Read Dr. Greenfield’s article in the Huffington Post:
On the Huffington Post, Dr. David Greenfield writes about texting and driving. Are you rationalizing your behavior while you are driving? Find out how to control your urge to text while you drive in this informative and very helpful article:
The less-than-perfect rollout of Apple’s iOS has caused plenty of headaches, but for some, especially nomophobes, it’s a nightmare.
A slew of people have complained of glitches stemming from the iOS 8 update that have rendered some iPhones sluggish, sent apps crashing and caused problems with Apple’s native keyboard, among other reported issues.
It didn’t help Wednesday when the intended fix, iOS 8.0.1, caused some iPhone 6 and 6 Plus users to lose cellular service and Touch ID functionality, essentially turning their phones into iPods.
On Sept. 22, 2006, Reggie Shaw, 19, climbed into his sport utility vehicle to head to a painting job. He picked up a Pepsi at the local gas station and started over the mountain pass between Tremonton, Utah, his hometown, and Logan, the big city to the east, near the Idaho border.
It was 6:30 in the morning, and freezing rain was falling. Just behind Reggie was John Kaiserman, a farrier, who was driving a truck and trailer carrying a thousand pounds of horseshoes and equipment. Mr. Kaiserman noticed Reggie swerve several times across the yellow divider and thought: This guy is going to cause us all some trouble.
Reggie came over a big crest and headed down a hill, traveling around 55 miles an hour as he hit a flat stretch. He crossed the yellow divider again. This time, he clipped a Saturn heading the other direction on the two-lane highway. Inside the Saturn were two men, Jim Furfaro and Keith O’Dell, commuting to work.
We’ve all experienced some of the social and interpersonal disruptions brought on with smartphone overuse; fewer face-to-face conversations, greater distractions, and a certain “hyper-vigilance” an inattention brought out with the anticipation of incoming text messages and phone calls. And all too often, what used to pass for manners and common courtesy has fallen by the wayside.
With smartphone usage in developed countries like the U.K. hovering around 71% of all households, the problem of smartphone overuse isn’t going away anytime soon. This recent story from TechRadar.com features interviews with Dr. David Greenfield and psychologist Phil Reed of Swansea University and sheds some new light on the subtle, insidious addictive qualities of smartphone use.
App addicts: has your smartphone become a drug?
The complete story from TechRadar.com is available here: